Robert_II_of_France.jpg

Robert CAPET IIAge: 599721031

Name
Robert CAPET II
Birth March 27, 972 33 27
Orleans, France

Birth of a sisterAdwige (Hedwig) CAPET
972
Paris, France

Death of a fatherHugh CAPET
October 24, 996 (Age 24)
Paris, France

Death of a sisterGisele CAPET
1000 (Age 27)
France

Birth of a daughter
#1
Adela CAPET
1003 (Age 30)
Nevers, Nièvre, Bourgogne, France

Death of a motherAdelaide DE AQUITAINE
June 15, 1006 (Age 34)
Paris, Seine, France

Birth of a son
#2
Henri CAPET I
1008 (Age 35)
Reims, Champagne, France

Birth of a daughter
#3
Adela DE CAPET
March 5, 1009 (Age 36)
Reims, France

Birth of a son
#4
Robert DE BURGUNDY I
1011 (Age 38)
Reims, Champagne

Birth of a son
#5
Robert DE BURGUNDY I
1011 (Age 38)

Birth of a daughter
#6
Adelaide Havoise CAPET
1012 (Age 39)
France

Birth of a daughter
#7
Constance DE FRANCE
1014 (Age 41)
Orleans, Loiret, Orleanais Centre, France

Marriage of a childBaudouin DE LILLE VAdelaide Havoise CAPETView family
January 1026/27 CE (Age 54)
Contract, Not Married

Marriage of a childBadwin DE FLANDERS VAdela DE CAPETView family
1028 (Age 55)
Paris, Ile-de-France, France

Death July 20, 1031 (Age 59)
Melun, France

Death July 20, 1031 (Age 59)
Melum, Seine Et Marne Dept, France

Family with parents - View family
father
Hugues_capet.jpg Hugh CAPET
Birth: about 939 41 17Paris, Seine, France
Death: October 24, 996Paris, France
mother
Adelaide DE AQUITAINE
Birth: 945 30 33Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France
Death: June 15, 1006Paris, Seine, France
Robert_II_of_France.jpg Robert CAPET II
Birth: March 27, 972 33 27Orleans, France
Death: July 20, 1031Melun, France
-15 months
elder sister
1-De Capet.jpg Gisele CAPET
Birth: 970 31 25Bourgogne, Champagne, France
Death: 1000France
3 years
sister
Adwige (Hedwig) CAPET
Birth: 972 33 27Paris, France
Family with Constance DE ARLES - View family
Robert_II_of_France.jpg Robert CAPET II
Birth: March 27, 972 33 27Orleans, France
Death: July 20, 1031Melun, France
wife
Constance DE ARLES
Birth: 986 36 36Toulouse, France
Death: July 25, 1032Melun, France
son
1-Henri I of France.jpg Henri CAPET I
Birth: 1008 35 22Reims, Champagne, France
Death: August 4, 1060Vitry, Brie, France
4 years
son
1-De Capet.jpg Robert DE BURGUNDY I
Birth: 1011 38 25Reims, Champagne
Death: March 21, 1076Vitry, Brie, France
4 years
daughter
Constance DE FRANCE
Birth: 1014 41 28Orleans, Loiret, Orleanais Centre, France
Death: 1042Dampmartin, Ile De France, France
-5 years
daughter
1-De Capet.jpg Adela DE CAPET
Birth: March 5, 1009 36 23Reims, France
Death: January 8, 1079Monastaire de l'Ordre St Benoit Messines France
-5 years
daughter
Adela CAPET
Birth: 1003 30 17Nevers, Nièvre, Bourgogne, France
Death: June 5, 1063Nevers, Nièvre, Bourgogne, France
10 years
daughter
Adelaide Havoise CAPET
Birth: 1012 39 26France
Death: January 8, 1078/79 CEMonastère De L'Ordre De St. Benoist, Messines, , France

 
Shared note
Robert II (27 March 972 - 20 July 1031), called the Pious or the Wise, was King of France from 996 until his death. The second reigning member of the House of Capet, he was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine. [edit] Co-rule with father Immediately after his own coronation, Robert's father Hugh began to push for the coronation of Robert. "The essential means by which the early Capetians were seen to have kept the throne in their family was through the association of the eldest surviving son in the royalty during the father's lifetime," Andrew W. Lewis has observed, in tracing the phenomenon in this line of kings who lacked dynastic legitimacy.[1] Hugh's claimed reason was that he was planning an expedition against the Moorish armies harassing Borrel II of Barcelona, an invasion which never occurred, and that the stability of the country necessitated a co-king, should he die while on expedition.[2] Ralph Glaber, however, attributes Hugh's request to his old age and inability to control the nobility.[3] Modern scholarship has largely imputed to Hugh the motive of establishing a dynasty against the claims of electoral power on the part of the aristocracy, but this is not the typical view of contemporaries and even some modern scholars have been less sceptical of Hugh's "plan" to campaign in Spain.[4] Robert was eventually crowned on 30 December 987. A measure of Hugh's success is that when Hugh died in 996, Robert continued to reign without any succession dispute, but during his long reign actual royal power dissipated into the hands of the great territorial magnates. Robert had begun to take on active royal duties with his father in the early 990s. In 991, he helped his father prevent the French bishops from trekking to Mousson in the Kingdom of Germany for a synod called by Pope John XV, with whom Hugh was then in disagreement. [edit] Marital problems The Excommunication of Robert the Pious by Jean-Paul Laurens. The Excommunication of Robert the Pious by Jean-Paul Laurens. As early as 989, having been rebuffed in his search for a Byzantine princess,[5]Hugh Capet arranged for Robert to marry the recently-widowed daughter of Berengar II of Italy, Rozala, who took the name of Susannah upon becoming Queen.[6] She was many years his senior. She was the widow of Arnulf II of Flanders, with whom she had children, the oldest of whom was of age to assume the offices of count of Flanders. Robert divorced her within a year of his father's death. He tried instead to marry Bertha, daughter of Conrad of Burgundy, around the time of his father's death. She was a widow of Odo I of Blois, but was also Robert's cousin. For reasons of consanguinity, Pope Gregory V refused to sanction the marriage, and Robert was excommunicated. After long negotiations with Gregory's successor, Sylvester II, the marriage was annulled. Finally, in 1001, Robert entered into his final and longest-lasting marriage: to Constance of Arles, the daughter of William I of Provence. She was an ambitious and scheming woman, who made life miserable for her husband by encouraging her sons to revolt against their father. [edit] Piety Robert, however, despite his marital problems, was a very devout Catholic, hence his sobriquet "the Pious." He was musically inclined, being a composer, chorister, and poet, and making his palace a place of religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his royal robes. However, to contemporaries, Robert's "piety" resulted from his lack of toleration for heretics: he harshly punished them. [edit] Military career The kingdom Robert inherited was not large, and in an effort to increase his power, he vigorously pursued his claim to any feudal lands which became vacant, which action usually resulted in war with a counter-claimant. In 1003, his invasion of the Duchy of Burgundy was thwarted and it would not be until 1016 that he was finally able to get the support of the Church and be recognized as Duke of Burgundy. The pious Robert made few friends and many enemies, including his own sons: Hugh Magnus, Henry, and Robert. They turned against their father in a civil war over power and property. Hugh died in revolt in 1025. In a conflict with Henry and the younger Robert, King Robert's army was beaten and he retreated to Beaugency outside Paris, his capital. He died in the middle of the war with his sons on 20 July 1031 at Melun. He was interred with Constance in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son Henry, in both France and Burgundy. [edit] Children Robert II dispenses alms to the poor: "Robert had a kindly feeling for the weak and poor" - from François Guizot, A Popular History of France From The Earliest Times. Robert II dispenses alms to the poor: "Robert had a kindly feeling for the weak and poor" - from François Guizot, A Popular History of France From The Earliest Times. Robert had no children from his short-lived marriage to Susanna. His illegal marriage to Bertha gave him one stillborn son in 999, but only Constance gave him surviving children:[7] * Constance, married Manasses de Dammartin * Adele of France, married Renauld I, Count of Nevers on 25 January 1016 and had issue. * Hugh Magnus, co-king (1017-1025) * Henry I, successor * Robert, became Duke of Burgundy * Odo (1013-c.1056), who may have been mentally retarded and died after his brother's failed invasion of Normandy * Adela (d. 1079), married firstly Richard III of Normandy and secondly Baldwin V of Flanders. Robert also left an illegitimate son: Rudolph, Bishop of Bourges.
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